A hysteroscopy is a procedure that examines the inside of the womb. A hysteroscope, which is a narrow telescope with a light and camera, is used for the procedure. The images are sent to a monitor so that your doctor or specialist nurse can take a look inside your womb. Hysteroscopes are passed into your womb through your vagina and cervix, so no cuts are required. In case if the problems remain unsolved then it may lead to IVF failures.


There are several benefits associated with hysteroscopy:

  • Examine symptoms or problems such as heavy periods, unusual vaginal bleeding, postmenopausal bleeding, pelvic pain, and repeated miscarriages.
  • Diagnose fibroids and polyps (non-can- cerous growths in the womb).
  • Treat fibroids, polyps, displaced IUDs, and intrauterine adhesions (scar tissue resulting in absent periods and reduced fertility).


You may need a hysterectomy if you’re having heavy menstrual periods or severe cramping, or if your doctor has questions concerning your reproductive health. They will be able to observe your cervix and uterus up close and find out what’s causing problems. It is also recommended under the follow- ing conditions:

Your Pap test results are abnormal.

You’ve been bleeding menopause. after There are fibroids, polyps, or scarring on your uterus.

You’ve had more than one miscarriage or problems getting pregnant.

Your doctor needs a small tissue sample (biopsy) of the lining of your uterus.

You’re having a sterilization procedure as a permanent form of birth control.


A hysteroscopy generally takes between 5 and 30 minutes. Here’s how it works:

  • You lie on a couch with your legs supported by supports, and a sheet covers your lower half.
  • Your vagina may be held open with a speculum (the same instrument used for a cervical screening test), but it is not always necessary.
  • An antiseptic solution is used to clean the vagina and cervix.
  • A hysteroscope (a long, thin tube with a light and camera) is inserted into your womb – you may experience discomfort or cramping as it passes through your cervix.
  • To make it easier for your doctor to see inside the womb, fluid is gently pumped into the womb.
  • The camera shoots images to a monitor so your doctor or specialist nurse can spot any abnormalities.

During the procedure, at any point, if you feel uncomfortable, tell the doctor or nurse. They will stop it anytime.


After a hysteroscopy, you will probably be able to go home shortly, but you might have to stay a few hours in the hospital if you had a general anesthetic. You will discuss the results of the biopsy with your doctor before you leave, though it may take a few weeks for the results to come back. If no anesthetic is used or only local anesthetic is used, you can usually return to your normal activities later that day. Following a general anesthetic, you may need to take things easy for a day or two.