Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive within twelve months of unprotected sex without any birth control. It could also mean that the woman experiences a hard time in carrying her pregnancy to full-term, resulting in repeated miscarriages and stillbirths.
Infertility has been a growing problem with modern-day couples, thanks to hectic, stressful, and imbalanced lifestyles. This is not to mean that you need to live with infertility all your life, and never see your dream of raising a beautiful family come true. Couples should take comfort in the fact that infertility is not incurable. There are, in fact, different types of treatment available today for both men and women to increase success rates at pregnancy. Technology has been a big boon to many despondent couples.
Read on to know the common causes of infertility in both males and females, and the treatment options available for disheartened couples today.
Possible Reasons For Infertility
- Low sperm count
- Abnormal or misshapen sperm that cannot penetrate an egg
- Low sperm motility, or the inability of the sperm to swim well to reach the egg for fertilisation
All of the above results from underlying medical conditions like diabetes, cystic fibrosis, sexually transmitted disease, mumps, etc in men. It may also result from unhealthy habits like smoking, drug abuse, excessive alcohol consumption, random steroid use, etc. Infertility may also be a fallout of overheated testicles due to varicocele; undescended testicles due to wearing tight-fitting clothes and working in hot environments; age; obesity; injury to the reproductive organs or blockage in the testicles; severe mental stress; and cancer treatments.
Recommended, Male Infertility: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
- Ovulation disorder due to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Poor egg quality
- Thyroid disorders
- AIDS and sexually transmitted infections
- Anomalies in the uterus or fallopian tubes
- Uterine fibroids
- Genetic abnormalities
- Absence of menstruation
- Obesity or underweight
Treatment Options for Women
- Fertility medication – to prompt ovulation
- Surgery – to correct blocked fallopian tubes to facilitate easy passage of healthy eggs
- Intrauterine Insemination – Washed and concentrated healthy sperms are directly injected into the uterus during ovulation
- ART – In this procedure, the doctor will surgically remove the eggs from the ovary and combine them with the healthy sperm in a laboratory. This is then reinstated in the woman’s womb. The most common type of ART is IVF.
Treatment Options for Men
- Lifestyle Modification – This would include having healthy foods, abstaining from alcoholic beverages, quitting smoking, adopting a yogic lifestyle and/or taking moderate levels of exercise daily, managing stress and emotions, and getting enough sleep.
- Surgery – Can be used to correct varicose veins around the testicles.
- Medication – Is used to treat infections of the reproductive tract, erectile dysfunction, and premature ejaculation.
- Hormone Treatment – This is suggested to correct fluctuating male hormones.
- Sperm Retrieval Techniques – This is an invasive procedure where the sperms are aspirated from the testicles.
- Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) – These are medical procedures that involve In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection, fertility medication, donor eggs or sperm, etc.
Janisthaa Is Here For You
At Janisthaa, we are full of care and compassion for our patients. Considered the best fertility hospital in Bangalore, we want our patients to get pregnant as badly as they do. We never allow them to give up hope during this long, arduous journey that is filled with emotions. We leverage our expertise and technology to ensure that our patients conceive successfully using one of the several fertility options we offer at our centre.
As the most respected and dependable infertility specialist in Bangalore, Janisthaa’s fertility treatments include a wide range, including IVF, intrauterine insemination, ovulation induction, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, testicular sperm aspiration, percutaneous epididymal sperm aspiration, and more.
Come and visit us at Janisthaa. Our experts will be happy to advise you.