Know How Surrogacy is Different From Test Tube Baby

Being a mother is a dream for every woman though nowadays an increasing number of women are finding it difficult to become pregnant naturally. The inability to become pregnant naturally even after one year of regular unprotected sex is known as infertility and worldwide around 50 million couples experience this. They need to resort to some kind of medical help. Assisted Reproductive Techniques like IVF and Surrogacy help many infertile women to achieve pregnancy.

IVF also commonly known as the test-tube baby is a procedure where multiple mature eggs of the woman are taken out from her ovaries by a simple procedure and then allowed to be fertilized by prewashed partners sperm in the specialized embryology lab to form embryos. Generally, one or two good embryos are then placed back into the womb after preparing the inner lining of the womb by hormone replacement therapy to achieve pregnancy.

Surrogacy in layman’s terms is also known as borrowing or renting a womb. It is a process that involves a surrogate who carries a baby in her womb throughout the pregnancy for a couple (intended parents) and then agrees to give back the baby to the couple after she gives birth.


There are complex ethical and legal issues involved with surrogacy.

Types of Surrogacy:

Traditional Surrogacy is a process where the surrogate is also the biological or genetic mother and she becomes pregnant by means of artificial insemination.

Gestational Surrogacy is where a surrogate woman is not related genetically to the baby she carries in her womb. The intended mother’s egg is used along with the husband’s sperm and by the process of IVF, the resulting embryo is transferred in the surrogate mother’s uterus.

What is a Test Tube Baby?

IVF stands for In Vitro Fertilization which actually means fertilization inside a glass tube. This process is commonly known as “Test Tube Baby” where an infertile woman is taken under observation with proper medication till the time they produce mature eggs. Then through the ‘egg removal’ process the doctors remove the eggs and mix them with the sperm of a man (father or a donor) outside the body. The IVF specialist keeps the sperm and eggs in a special container for a few days in a laboratory.

When the developed embryos come out after regular observation, the embryos are placed in a woman’s fallopian tube through the ‘embryo transfer’ process. If the treatment is rightly done and the fallopian tube gets attached with the embryos then pregnancy happens. This method is complicated and emotional for any parents; the only way to manage this time is by hoping for a positive result.


What is surrogacy Treatment?

Surrogacy is a process in which an infertile couple who are willing to carry their baby, hire a surrogate mother. She carries the baby in her womb when the original mother cannot carry the baby inside her womb. The body might not permit a woman to carry a baby but the process starts with proper medication. The original mother’s eggs are removed at the right time and get placed with the high motility sperm taken from the father or a donor. Sometimes the man might be infertile or have a low motility sperm count which welcomes a sperm donor to support the process of surrogacy.

When the matured egg and the sperm become successful in creating embryos, the final stage starts with the transfer of embryos into the surrogate mother’s fallopian tube or uterus in the zygote condition to carry out the further process of reproduction. Once the surrogate mother gives birth to a baby, the couple will welcome the new member into the family. The baby remains genetically the child of the original parents. But the surrogate mother carries & delivers the baby to them. Both treatments are a part of IVF treatment to bring a smile in the face of infertile couples.


It is therefore important that such procedures are performed by experts and a team of caring staff in a fertility clinic like the Janisthaa Fertility Clinic at Basaveshwarnagar, Bengaluru. The clinic has a dedicated team of top-notch doctors who have record success rates. Moreover, treatments provided are 100% personalized, patient-centric with state of the art research and IVF facilities. For more information, visit the website http://jnaistha.local/ or call +91 7619198082 to book online consultation or to clarify more information.