Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment where sperm is put directly into a woman’s uterus.
During natural delivery, sperm needs to go from the vagina through the cervix into the uterus, and up to the fallopian tubes. With IUI, sperm is “washed” and focused, and furthermore put directly into the uterus, which puts them closer to the egg.
This procedure can improve the probability of pregnancy in specific couples who have experienced issues getting pregnant.
Who does IUI?
It may be used in the treatment of:
- People who need to give sperm, however, have no female fertility issues, including single women and same-sex couples.
- Couples who can’t (or would think that it’s exceptionally troublesome) to have vaginal intercourse, for instance on account of physical incapacity or psychosexual issue.
- Those who have a condition which means they need explicit assistance to accomplish a pregnancy securely (for instance, men who are HIV positive and have had sperm washing to lessen the risk of passing on the illness to their partner and potential child).
- You might be offered IUI with your partners’ sperm if you have unexplained infertility, however, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Guidelines exhort against this, and, accordingly it is commonly not supported by the NHS. If you have unexplained infertility and would want to have IUI instead of IVF, you are probably going to need to pay secretly.
What’s the success rate like?
Every couple will have a different response to IUI, and it can be difficult to predict its success. Several factors affect the outcome, including:
- Underlying infertility diagnosis
- Whether fertility drugs are used
- Other underlying fertility concerns
Pregnancy rates following IUI are shifted dependent on your explanations behind requiring fertility treatment. Success rates for IUI will in general decline in women beyond 40 years old, and in women who have not gotten pregnant after three cycles of IUI. You need to talk about your anticipated success rate with your fertility specialist to check whether this a good choice for you.
Also, with any fertility treatment, the younger the woman is the higher her odds of getting pregnant. You’re also bound to get pregnant if you have fertility medications to invigorate your regular cycle.
For women aged under 35, about 18% of IUI cycles bring about a healthy infant being conceived (a cycle is one full round of IUI treatment). Women aged 35 to 37 have a 14% success rate and the birth rate for women aged 38-39 is 12%. For women more than 40, your chances are lower (5% for ladies aged 40 to 42 and 1% for women aged more than 42).
Many women will have a few cycles of IUI before they have a fruitful pregnancy so it merits thinking about that when you’re expenses of treatment.
What are the risks?
There is a little risk of infection following the IUI technique. Your PCP will utilize sterile instruments, so infection is exceptionally uncommon.
If drugs are utilized to actuate ovulation, there is a risk of pregnancy with various infants. Since fertility medications improve the probability that more than one egg will be discharged, they also improve the probability of pregnancy with products. Your doctor will attempt to adjust the sum and kind of medicine, alongside bloodwork and ultrasound to keep an excessive number of eggs from being discharged at once.
Now and then the ovaries over-react to fertility medications (especially the meds given as an injection) and a condition called ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome may result. Countless eggs might be developed at once and perhaps discharged.
This can bring about a broadened ovary, fluid buildup in the abdomen, and cramping. In uncommon cases, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome can bring about fluid buildup in the chest and stomach area, kidney issues, blood clots, and twisting of the ovary.
In case you’re as of now taking fertility prescriptions for IUI and experience any of the accompanying side effects, you should call your doctor right away.
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Sudden weight gain of more than 5 pounds
- Shortness of breath
- Nausea and vomiting
- Severe abdominal or pelvic pain
- A sudden increase in abdominal size
Are you confused about what treatment to take or about the success rate of IUI? Don’t worry, you are in the right place! Janisthaa has years of expertise in treatment infertile couple and also with advanced treatment methods and dedicated staff, our success rates in pregnancy is very high. Consult our expert doctor, Dr.Shwetha.Y. Baratikkae for the most personalized treatment and compassionate care at Janisthaa IVF center.