IUI is employed by inserting the semen directly into the uterus of the woman. Before insertion, the semen is separated from seminal fluid, through a process called Sperm Washing. It is then directly inserted into a woman’s uterus/cervix/fallopian tube with the help of a catheter to facilitate fertilization. It ensures that an increased number of sperms reach the fallopian tube and thereby enhancing the chances of fertilization. It is used in cases of ejaculation dysfunction, unexplained fertility, hostile cervical condition including cervical mucus problems, cervical scar tissue from past procedures, etc. Before the treatment, ovulation stimulating medication may be used to increase the chances of fertilization. The procedure is then performed at the time of ovulation, which is indicated by a surge in LH hormones before the cycle.
The success rate is 10-15% for the procedure depends on several factors, which include age & underlying fertility challenges. A short time after insemination, you should lay on your back. Once the procedure is completed, you can get dressed and resume your normal daily activities. It is possible to experience light spotting for up to a day after the procedure. Before taking a home pregnancy test, wait two weeks. Testing too soon could produce a result that is – false negative or false positive.